Files with the .DOC extension contain formatted text documents stored in a proprietary binary format of Microsoft Word. Storing format was different for each version of the Microsoft office suite. Currently, it has been displaced by an open format based on XML, in order to provide mobility (DOCX). However, DOC files still can be created in Word.
DOC files may contain:
Microsoft published specification of the DOC format only in 2008, in order to enable using it to create programs properly handling those files. Nonetheless, the format was back-engineered in order to obtain all the details. Before a proprietary Microsoft DOC format was created in 1983, it was used also in plain text files and files of the WordPerfect program.
The following list contains programs grouped by 5 operating systems that support DOC files. DOC files can be encountered on all system platforms, including mobile, yet there is no guarantee each will properly support such files.
There can be multiple causes why you have problems with opening DOC files on given system. On the bright side, the most encountered issues pertaining to Microsoft Word Document files aren’t complex. In most cases they can be addressed swiftly and effectively without assistance from a specialist. We have prepared a listing of which will help you resolve your problems with DOC files.
The most common reason for such problems is the lack of proper applications that supports DOC files installed on the system. The most obvious solution is to download and install Microsoft Word or one to the listed programs: Microsoft Works, WordPerfect Office, Microsoft Word Viewer. The full list of programs grouped by operating systems can be found above. The safest method of downloading Microsoft Word installed is by going to developer’s website (Microsoft Corporation) and downloading the software using provided links.
You still cannot access DOC files although Microsoft Word is installed on your system? Make sure that the software is up to date. It may also happen that software creators by updating their applications add compatibility with other, newer file formats. If you have an older version of Microsoft Word installed, it may not support DOC format. The latest version of Microsoft Word should support all file formats that where compatible with older versions of the software.
If the issue has not been solved in the previous step, you should associate DOC files with latest version of Microsoft Word you have installed on your device. The next step should pose no problems. The procedure is straightforward and largely system-independent
Selecting the first-choice application in Windows
Selecting the first-choice application in Mac OS
If you followed the instructions form the previous steps yet the issue is still not solved, you should verify the DOC file in question. Problems with opening the file may arise due to various reasons.
If the DOC is indeed infected, it is possible that the malware is blocking it from opening. Scan the DOC file as well as your computer for malware or viruses. DOC file is infected with malware? Follow the steps suggested by your antivirus software.
If you obtained the problematic DOC file from a third party, ask them to supply you with another copy. The file might have been copied erroneously and the data lost integrity, which precludes from accessing the file. If the DOC file has been downloaded from the internet only partially, try to redownload it.
There is a possibility that the file in question can only be accessed by users with sufficient system privileges. Switch to an account that has required privileges and try opening the Microsoft Word Document file again.
If the systems has insufficient resources to open DOC files, try closing all currently running applications and try again.
Latest versions of programs and drivers may help you solve problems with Microsoft Word Document files and ensure security of your device and operating system. It is possible that one of the available system or driver updates may solve the problems with DOC files affecting older versions of given software.
If you have additional information about the DOC file, we will be grateful if you share it with our users. To do this, use the form here and send us your information on DOC file.