Dump files with the DMP extension are used within Windows as space for storing information after system malfunction.
DMP files are usually generated automatically when an error or malfunction of system occurs, in order to diagnose and eliminate the problem. DMP file is created also with the „ Savedump.exe” program, during first system initiation after a malfunction.
Files are usually named „Memory.dmp”, but one may encounter also a different form, which also informs about the date of file generation - „MiniMMDDYY-00.dmp” (M – month, D – day, Y - year, 0 – following number).
There are 3 basic types of data dumps generated in Windows:
The list that follows enumerates programs compatible with DMP files, divided into 2 categories based on operating system on which they are available. Files with DMP extension, just like any other file formats, can be found on any operating system. The files in question may be transferred to other devices, be it mobile or stationary, yet not all systems may be capable of properly handling such files.
Being unable to open files with DMP extension can be have various origins. On the bright side, the most encountered issues pertaining to Windows Memory Dump files aren’t complex. In most cases they can be addressed swiftly and effectively without assistance from a specialist. The following is a list of guidelines that will help you identify and solve file-related problems.
Problems with opening and working with DMP files are most probably having to do with no proper software compatible with DMP files being present on your machine. The most obvious solution is to download and install Windows Debug Tools or one to the listed programs: Oracle Database, Microsoft Visual Studio. On the top of the page a list that contains all programs grouped based on operating systems supported can be found. The safest method of downloading Windows Debug Tools installed is by going to developer’s website () and downloading the software using provided links.
You still cannot access DMP files although Windows Debug Tools is installed on your system? Make sure that the software is up to date. Sometimes software developers introduce new formats in place of that already supports along with newer versions of their applications. If you have an older version of Windows Debug Tools installed, it may not support DMP format. The most recent version of Windows Debug Tools is backward compatible and can handle file formats supported by older versions of the software.
If you have the latest version of Windows Debug Tools installed and the problem persists, select it as the default program to be used to manage DMP on your device. The method is quite simple and varies little across operating systems.
Change the default application in Windows
Change the default application in Mac OS
You closely followed the steps listed in points 1-3, but the problem is still present? You should check whether the file is a proper DMP file. It is probable that the file is corrupted and thus cannot be accessed.
If the file is infected, the malware that resides in the DMP file hinders attempts to open it. Immediately scan the file using an antivirus tool or scan the whole system to ensure the whole system is safe. DMP file is infected with malware? Follow the steps suggested by your antivirus software.
If the DMP file was sent to you by someone else, ask this person to resend the file to you. The file might have been copied erroneously and the data lost integrity, which precludes from accessing the file. If the DMP file has been downloaded from the internet only partially, try to redownload it.
Some files require elevated access rights to open them. Switch to an account that has required privileges and try opening the Windows Memory Dump file again.
The operating systems may note enough free resources to run the application that support DMP files. Close all running programs and try opening the DMP file.
Regularly updated system, drivers, and programs keep your computer secure. This may also prevent problems with Windows Memory Dump files. Outdated drivers or software may have caused the inability to use a peripheral device needed to handle DMP files.
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